Muhammad Moin

Analysis of narrations quoted in Shia Encyclopedia

46 posts in this topic

[b]Hadeeth - 43[/b]

[quote]Aisha said: "When Ibrahim was born, the Prophet of Allah (PBUH&HF) brought him to me and said: 'Look how much he resembles me.' I said: 'I do not see any resemblance.' The Prophet of Allah (PBUH&HF) said: 'Don't you see how robust and fair he is?"' Aisha said: "I said: 'Whoever is fed with the milk of sheep becomes fair and robust.'"
• al-Tabaqat, by Ibn Sa'd, v1, p37
• also in al-Ansab al-Ashraf, by al-Baladhuri[/quote] [color="Blue"]
Ibn Sa’d in “At-Tabaqat al-Kubra” (1/137) through the chain of al-Waqidi, Muhammad bin Umar. Baladhuri did not mention any chain for it. [Ansaab (1/450)][/color]
0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
[b]Hadeeth - 44[/b]

[quote]she said:
"I lost track of the Prophet of Allah (PBUH&HF), and I suspected that he had gone to another of his wives. I went looking for him and I found him in prostration, saying. "O My Lord! Forgive me"
Sunni reference: Musnad, by Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, v6, p147[/quote] [color="Blue"]
It was related by Ahmad (25140), Nasai (1125) and others through Shu’ba from Mansur from Hilal bin Yasaf from ‘Aisha. Albani and Arna’ut declared it authentic.
The more appropriate translation would be: “And I [u]thought[/u] that he had gone to another of his wife.” And Allah knows best.[/color]
0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
[b]Hadeeth - 45[/b]

[quote]Aisha said: "One night, when he was with me, the Messenger of Allah (PBUH&HF) went out". She said: "I became jealous. When he came and saw what I had done, he said: 'What is the matter, O Aisha? Are you jealous?' I replied: 'And why should not those like me be jealous of those like you?' The Prophet of Allah (PBUH&HF) then said: 'Has your devil taken possession of you?'".
Sunni reference: Musnad, by Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, v6, p115[/quote] [color="Blue"]
It was related by Ahmad (24845), Muslim (7212) and others. The narrations further states: She (Aisha) asked, “Is there a devil with me, O Messenger of Allah?” He replied, “Yes.” I said, “And with every human being?” He said, “Yes.” I then asked, “And with you, O Messenger of Allah?” He said, “Yes, but my lord has aided me over him until he became Muslim (or he came under my control).”[/color]
0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
[b]Hadeeth - 46[/b]

[quote]Once the Prophet asked Aisha to collect certain information about a particular woman, namely, Sharraf, the sister of Dihya al-Kalbi. The information that she conveyed to him was not the information she had gathered, but wrong information prompted by selfish motives. When the Prophet (PBUH&HF) informed her of the truth of what she had observed, Aisha replied: "O Prophet of Allah! No secret is unknown to you. Who is able to hide anything from you?"
• Kanz al-Ummal, by al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, v6, p294
• al-Tabaqat, by Ibn Sa'd, v8, p115 [/quote] [color="Blue"]
Ibn Sa’d (8/160) relates it through a chain which contains Al-Waaqidi as well as Jaabir al-Ju’fi both of whom were abandoned. Khateeb (1/301) and Ibn ‘Asakir (51/36) relate it with other chains which do not contain Al-Waaqidi but Jaabir is still there.[/color]
0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
[b]Hadeeth - 47[/b]

[quote]One day, in the presence of her father, she started a quarrel with the Prophet and told him: "Be just." Her father punished her for the impudence by giving a powerful a slap on her face so that she bled profusely and the blood ran onto her clothes.
• Kanz al-Ummal, by al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, v7, p116, Tradition #1020
• Ihyaa al-Ulum, by al-Ghazzali, Chapter 3, Bab al-Nikah, v2, p35
• Mukashifat al-Qulub, by al-Ghazzali, Chapter 94, p238 [/quote] [color="Blue"]
It was related by Khateeb (11/239) and Ibn ‘Asakir (30/215).
It was also related by Daylami, as mentioned in Kanz al-‘Ummaal (13/696).
Hafiz ‘Iraqi said: It was related by Tabarani in “al-Awsat” and Khateeb in his Tareekh from the narration of Aisha [u]with a weak sanad[/u]. [“Takhreej Ahadeeth al-Ihyaa” (2/976) Daar al-‘Aasimah]
Shaykh Albani also declared it to be weak in “Ad-Da’eefa” (4966).[/color]
0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
[b]Hadeeth - 48[/b]

[quote]Once she angrily said to the Messenger of Allah (PBUH&HF):
"It is you who pretend to be a prophet from Allah."
Sunni references:
• - Ihyaa al-Ulum, by al-Ghazzali, Chapter 3, v2, p29, The Book on the Etiquettes of Marriage
• - Mukashifat al-Qulub, by al-Ghazzali, Chapter 94 [/quote] [color="Blue"]
Hafiz ‘Iraqi said, “Abu Ya’ala and Abu Shaykh in “Kitab al-Amthaal” narrated it with a weak chain. [Takhreej Ahadeeth al-Ihyaa (2/976)]
It was related by Abu Ya’la in his Musnad (4670) and Abu Shaykh in “Kitab al-Amthaal” (56) through Salamah bin Fadhl from Ibn Ishaq from Yahya bin ‘Abbad bin Abdullah bin Zubair from his father from ‘Aishah. Ibn Ishaq was well known mudallis who would do tadlees through weak narrators.
Hafiz Haythami said, “It was narrated by Abu Ya’la and in it exists Muhammad bin Ishaq and he was a mudallis. As for Salamah bin Fadhl then a group considered him Thiqah like Ibn Mu’een, Ibn HIbban and Abu Hatim. And some other considered him weak. All other narrators of this were narrators of Sahih.” [Majma’ az-Zawaaid (4/322)][/color]
0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
[b]Hadeeth - 49[/b]

[quote]The Prophet (PBUH&HF) married Malika Bint Ka'b who was known for her outstanding beauty. Aisha went to see her and said to her: "Aren't you ashamed to marry your father's killer?" She then sought refuge against the Prophet of Allah (PBUH&HF), whereupon he divorced her. Her people came to him and said: "O Prophet of Allah, she is young and lacking in perception. She was deceived, so take her back". The Prophet (PBUH&HF) refused to do so. Her father was killed on the day of the conquest of Mecca, and his killer was Khalid Ibn al-Walid al-Khandama."
Sunni references:
• al-Tabaqat, by Ibn Sa'd, v8, p148
• Ibn Kathir, v5, p299 [/quote] [color="Blue"]
Al-Waqidi mentioned it from Abu Mi’shar, as in Tabaqat of Ibn Sa’d (8/148). Al-Waqidi was abandoned while Abu Mi’shar Najeeh bin Abdur-Rahman was weak in memory. Besides, this report is disconnected as Abu Mi’shar was from those who met Taba’een.
Also, Waqidi himself declared this weak. He said, “And that which weaken this hadeeth is the mentioning of Aisha and that she said to her (Maleekah), “Aren’t you ashamed…?” And Aisha was not with the Prophet (SAW) in that journey.” [Ibid.]
Hafiz Dhahabi denied such narrations in Siyar (2/350-1, Dar al-Hadeeth).[/color]
0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
[b]Hadeeth - 50[/b]

[quote]It has been reported that:
When Asma Bint Nu'man was being led as a bride to her groom (i.e., the Prophet), Aisha told her that the Prophet was highly pleased with the woman who, when he approaches her, says to him: "May Allah save me from you."
Sunni references:
• al-Mustadrak, by al-Hakim, v4, p37, on the account of Asma
• al-Isabah, by Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani, v4, p233
• al-Tabaqat, by Ibn Sa'd, v2, p104, v8, p145
• Tarikh al-Ya'qubi, v2, p69[/quote] [color="Blue"]It was related by Ibn Sa’d (8/145) through Hisham al-Kalbi from his father Muhammad bin Saa’ib al-Kalbi from Abu Saleh from Ibn Abbas. Both Hisham and his father were abandoned as it is well known. This narration doesn’t specify any of the wives of the Prophet (saw).
It was also narrated by Ibn Sa’d (8/145-6) through the same Hisham al-Kalbi from Ibn al-Ghaseel from Hamzah bin Abu Usaid from his father. This also doesn’t specify Aishah although it says that she was one of the two from Aisha (ra) and Hafsa (ra).
Note: - The narration in Al-Mustadrak is different and doesn’t have anything for shi’ites to take evidence from.
[/color]


[b]Hadeeth - 51[/b]

[quote]Ibn Sa'd, in his al-Tabaqat, v8, p145, on the authority of Ibn Abbas said: "The Prophet of Allah (PBUH&HF) married Asma Bint al-Nu'man, and she was among the most beautiful and complete women of her time"[/quote] [color="Blue"]See the previous hadeeth.[/color]
0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
Hadeeth - 51
[quote]"Take half your religion from this Humayra"[/quote]

[color=#0000ff]Hafiz Sakhawi said in “Al-Maqasid al-Hasanah” (pg.321): Our Shaykh said in Takhreej Ibn al-Haajib, “I do not know of its Isnad neither do I find it in any book of hadeeth except for An-Nihayah of Ibn Atheer who mentioned this under the root word of “Ha mim ra”, and he did not mention who has narrated it. I also found it in Kitab al-Firdaus but with a different wording and its author mentioned it without any Isnad from the hadith of Anas. Its wording is: “Take one third of your religion from the house of Humaira”. The author of Musnad al-Firdaus left it as such and did not relate any isnad of it. Hafiz Ibn Katheer mentioned that he asked the two Hafiz, al-Mizzi and al-Dhahabi, regarding this so they did not recognize it. -End-[/color]
[color=#0000ff]This narration was also declared to be a fabricated one by Ibn al-Qayyim and Albani.[/color]
0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
[b]Hadeeth - 52[/b]
[quote]
Once she went to Uthman and asked for her share of inheritance from the Prophet (after so many years passed from the demise of the Prophet). Uthman refrained to give Aisha any money, and reminded her that she was one of those who counseled Abu Bakr not to pay the share of inheritance of Fatimah al-Zahra (AS). So if Fatimah does not have any share, then why should she? Hearing this, Aisha became very angry at Uthman, and came out and said to the people:
[b]"Kill this old fool (Na'thal), for he is unbeliever."[/b]
Sunni references:[list]
[*]History of Ibn al-Athir, v3, p206
[*]Lisan al-Arab, v14, p141
[*]al-Iqd al-Farid, v4, p290
[*]Sharh Ibn Abil Hadid, v16, pp 220-223.
[/list]
[/quote]

[color=#0000ff]As for the context of the statement quoted by the compiler of the Encyclopedia, that is Aisha (ra) asking of her share of inheritance from Uthman (ra), then I do not know the source of it. None of the referenced sources mention the background provided by the author, as far as I can see. Wallahu A’alam.[/color]
[color=#0000ff]The particular statement, i.e. “Kill this Na’thal…,” was attributed to Sayyidah ‘Aaisha (ra) by some sunni historians and linguists who were not expert in hadith criticism like Ibn Atheer, Ibn Manzoor etc. This was attributed to Aisha (ra), in a narration, by Ubaid bin Abi Salamah, who was one of her relatives, in her presence and she did not deny. But this was reported by Saif bin Umar who was abandoned and there was sufficient gap between the incident and the narrator. [Tabari (4/458-9)][/color]
[color=#0000ff]This has also been mentioned by Abu Mikhnaf. And some say the first one to call Uthman a Na’thal was Aisha (as) as mentioned by Ibn Abil Hadeed in Sharh Nahj al-Balaghah (6/215) but none of these are proven. These are only claims which some authors inherited from others. While there could be some indication that she was critical of Uthman’s (ra) policies and actions but there is no proof in that to suggest that she wanted to kill him. These kinds of reports are unreliable because of three main reasons;[/color][list=1]
[*][color=#0000ff]They were reported by unreliable authors like Abu Mikhnaf, al-Waqidi, Saif bin Umar, Ibn al-Kalbi etc.[/color]
[*][color=#0000ff]Even they did not connect their chain to the eyewitnesses of the incident, hence the report in most cases remain disconnected.[/color]
[*][color=#0000ff]The established facts indicate otherwise. Among those is the fact that Aisha always denied this accusation just as Ali bin Abi Talib denied it.[/color]
[/list]
[color=#0000ff]It has been narrated by Bukhari in Khalq Af’aal al-‘Ibaad and Al-Baladhuri in Ansab al-Ashraf through Ibn Shihaab az-Zuhri from ‘Urwah from Aisha that she said, ‘If I wanted to kill Uthman I would have done so.’ In other traditions she said, ‘By Allah, Uthaman was killed unjustly.’ And there are other traditions suggesting the same.[/color]
[color=#0000ff]It could be that some people might have falsely attributed these kinds of things to ‘Aisha. This is suggested from the tradition related by Ibn Sa’d (3/60) and Al-Baladhuri (5/597) through the route of A’amash from Khaithama from Masrooq that after hearing the criticism of Aisha against those who killed Uthman he said to her, ‘This has been done by you. You wrote to the people to revolt against him.’ She replied, ‘No, by the One in whom believed the believers and disbelieved the disbelievers, I did not write to them with the black (i.e. ink) on the white (i.e. paper) until this sitting of mine. A’mash said, ‘So they used to believe that it was fabricated over her.’[/color]
[color=#0000ff]This also clarified another tradition present in Ansab al-Ashraf (5/596) through the route of Wakee’ from Qais bin Muslim from Umm al-Hajjaj al-‘Awfiyyah that on the enquiry of Ashtar an-Nakha’I regarding Uthman she replied, ‘Ma’adhAllah if I command to shed the blood of muslims and to murder their leader (Imam) and to legitimate (to downgrade) their sanctity.’ So Al-Ashtar said, ‘You wrote to us and now when the fight has initiated you have started to forbid us.’[/color]
[color=#0000ff]See also the traditions coming forth.[/color]
[color=#0000ff]Note:- Some Shia may claim that since it was quoted by some sunni scholars like Ibn Manzoor al-Afreeqi and Ibn al-Atheer, so it should be accepted. I say: They quoted it just for linguistic purpose and to explain the wording not necessarily they considered it authentic. Besides that they were not specialist in hadith criticism. The narration “Take half of your religion from Humayra (Aisha),” which has been discussed previously, was also quoted by Ibn Manzoor and Ibn al-Atheer, but shia due to their hatred of Sayyidah Aisha declare that to be fabricated and consider this one to be acceptable.[/color]
0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
[b]Hadeeth - 53[/b]
[quote]
While Ibn Abbas was setting out for Mecca, he found Aisha in al-Sulsul (seven miles south of Medina). Aisha said: "O' Ibn Abbas, I appeal to you by God, to abandon this man (Uthman) and sow doubt about him among the people, for you have been given a sharp tongue. (By the current siege over Uthman) people have shown their understanding, and light is raised to guide them. I have seen Talha has taken the possession of the keys to the public treasuries and storehouses. If he becomes Caliph (after Uthman), he will follow in the path of his parental cousin Abu-Bakr." Ibn Abbas said: "O' Mother (of believers), if something happens to that man (i.e., Uthman), people would seek asylum only with our companion (namely, Ali)." Aisha replied: "Be quiet! I have no desire to defy or quarrel with you."
Reference: History of al-Tabari, English version, v15, pp 238-239
[/quote]

[color=#0000cd]This contains Muhammad bin 'Umar al-Waqidi and Abu Bakr bin Abi Sabrah both of whom were abandoned. [See Tarikh at-Tabari (4/407), Meezan al-E’itedal (4/503-4)][/color][color=#0000cd] And Allah knows best.[/color]
0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
[b]Hadeeth - 54[/b]
[quote]
Marwan said to Aisha, "We pray that you stay in Medina, and that Allah may save this man (Uthman) through you." Aisha said: "I have prepared my means of transportation and vowed to perform the pilgrimage. By God, I shall not honor your request... I wish he (Uthman) could fit to one of my sacks so that I could carry him. I would then through him into the sea."
Reference: "al-Ansab al-Ashraf", by al-Baladhuri, v4, part 1, p75
[/quote]

[color=#0000ff]This was mentioned by Ibn Sa’d in Tabaqat (2/27) and al-Baladhuri in Ansab al-Ashraaf (5/565) without relating any Isnad to it. Rather Ibn Sa’d, who was quoted by al-Baladhuri and Ibn ‘Asakir, attributed it to some unknown people with the phrase “They say”. From Sharh Nahj al-Balaghah (3/7) it appears that the actual source of this report is al-Waqidi who narrated this in Kitab ad-Daar. WAllahu A’alam[/color]
0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
[quote name='Muhammad Moin' timestamp='1365014537' post='134029']
[color=#0000ff]It has been narrated by Bukhari in Khalq Af’aal al-‘Ibaad and Al-Baladhuri in Ansab al-Ashraf through Ibn Shihaab az-Zuhri from ‘Urwah from Aisha that she said, [u]‘If I wanted to kill Uthman I would have done so.’ [/u][/color]
[/quote]

Rather it is... "If I wanted that Uthman be killed then I would have been killed too."
0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
[b]Hadeeth - 55[/b]
[quote]"Your Satan has confused you, O Aisha."[/quote]

[color=#0000ff]It is narrated by Muslim in his Sahih (2815). The complete narration is as follows: Aishah said that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) left her house one night. She said: “I felt jealous about him, then he came and saw what I was doing.” He said: What is the matter with you O Aisha? Are you jealous?” I said, “Why wouldn’t one such as me feel jealous about one such as you?” The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said “Has your devil come to you?” I said, “O Messenger of Allah, Is there a devil with me?” He said, “Yes.” I said, “Is there a devil with every person?” He said, “Yes.” I said, “Even with you O Messenger of Allah?” He said, “Yes, but my Lord helped me with him until he became muslim.” – [Sahih Muslim, English translation (Darussalam), vol.7, no.7110][/color]
0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
[b]Hadeeth - 56[/b]
[quote]Historians relate that Hafsa Bint Umar wanted to go with her for the battle of the Camel. But herbrother, Abdullah, reproached her and recited the aforementioned verse to her. Hafsa then canceled her plans.[/quote]

[color=#0000ff]Saif bin Umar, who was unreliable, related it from Muhammad bin Qais from al-Agharr. [Tabari (4/453-4)][/color]
0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Create an account or sign in to comment

You need to be a member in order to leave a comment

Create an account

Sign up for a new account in our community. It's easy!


Register a new account

Sign in

Already have an account? Sign in here.


Sign In Now